CHAPTER 10: THE YOGA OF HIS OPULENCE

On His Identity

(1) The Supreme Lord said: 'Again indeed, oh mighty armed one, just hear My supreme instruction about that which to you, who are so dear to Me, I say to your benefit.

(2) Nor the number of theists, nor the great wise know My origin; I am certainly the source of the godly and the great sages in all respect. (3) He who knows Me as the Unborn One without a beginning and also knows Me as the great Lord of the world, is not deluded among mortals and is delivered from all reactions to sin. (4-5) Intelligence, knowledge, composure, forgiveness, truthfulness, control over the senses and the mind, happiness, sorrow, birth, death, fear and fearlessness also, nonviolence, equilibrium, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and infamy are the different aspects to the living being that are arranged by Me. (6) From the mind of the seven great sages [Marîci, Atri, Angirâ, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasishthha] before and the four Manus [the progenitors Svâyambhuva, Svârocisha, Raivata and Uttama] who also stem from Me, all of the population born in this world has originated. (7) Anyone who factually knows that all this opulence and unification of consciousness is also of Me, will be undivided in his engagement of devotional service, of that there is no doubt. (8) I am the source of all, from Me everything emanates, thus knowing the intelligent ones with love in their hearts become devoted to Me. (9) With the full of their minds and lives set on Me, they enlighten one another talking about Me constantly and derive contentment and delight therefrom. (10) To those who are always engaged in the loving ecstasy of devotional service I give that oneness of intelligence by which they come to Me. (11) For them surely, to show special mercy, I, situated in their hearts, dispel the darkness born from ignorance with the shining light of knowledge.'

(12-13) Arjuna said: 'The supreme spirit, the supreme abode, the purest of the supreme You are, the original personality, the transcendental Lord, the unborn One and the greatest. Of You all the great sages among the godly like Nârada and Asita, Devala and Vyâsa are speaking and indeed You are now explaining it to me. (14) All this that You have told me, oh Krish na, I accept as the truth; surely is this revelation of Your Supreme Lordship not known by the godly nor by the godless. (15) Surely You know Yourself personally by Yourself, oh greatest One and origin of all, Lord of all beings, God of the gods and master of the Universe. (16) For You are the One to tell in detail about the Divine of Your opulences by which, pervading all these worlds, You remain. (17) How can I know You, oh Yoga, always think of You and in what and what form are You to be remembered by me, oh Supreme Lord? (18) Oh killer of the atheists, what again is the opulence of Your Yoga as I surely cannot hear enough of the description of the nectar.'

(19) The Supreme Personality said: 'Yes, I will surely tell you about the divine of My personal splendor the principal, oh best of the Kurus, as there is no limit to My extent. (20) I am, oh Arjuna, the soul in the heart of all living beings; I am the origin also, the middle and as well indeed the end of all existing. (21) Of the Âdityas [Diti was the daughter of Daksha and wife of Kas'yapa], I am Vishnu, of all the luminaries I am the radiant sun, Marîci [a Prajâpati, a father of mankind, and father of Kas'yapa] of the Maruts [the flashing gods] I am and of the divisions of the year [the constellations or of what is fixed] I am the Moon. (22) Of all the Vedas I am the Sâma-veda [the songs], of the godly I am Indra [or Vâsava], the king of heaven, of the senses I am the mind and I am also the living force of all creatures. (23) Of all the Rudras [the dreadful ones] I am S'iva [or S'ankara]; also I am Vittes'a [the treasurer] of the Yakshas [attendants of Kuvera, the heavenly treasurer] and Râkshasas [the demons], of the Vasus [the deities of nature] I am fire and of all the mountains I am mount Meru [the one central to all] as well. (24) Know Me as the chief of all priests, Brihaspati [the priest of Indra], oh son of Prithâ, of all military commanders I am Kârtikeya [Skanda, the god of war and son of S'iva and Pârvatî] and of all bodies of water I am the ocean. (25) Of the great wise I am Bhrigu [one of the ten Mahârishis to the first Manu], of the spoken I am the Pranava, of sacrifices I am japa [mantra-meditation with beads] and of the things immovable I am the Himalayas. (26) Of the trees I am the As'vattha [Banyan or one with no specific property], of all seers among the godly I am Nârada, of the celestial beings [Gandharvas] I am Cittaratha [the best singer] and of the perfected ones I am Kapila Muni [a Vishnu avatâr, son of Devahûti].

(27) Know Me as Uccaihs'ravâ among the horses who came forth from the churning of the ocean to get the nectar and as Airâvata among the elephants; among men I am the one at the top [the king]. (28) Of all weapons I am the thunderbolt, of the cows I am the Surabhi [the plentiful one] and I am Cupid, the cause of begetting children; of the serpents I am Vâsuki [with whom the ocean was churned]. (29) Of the Nâgas [the snakelike] I am Ananta [supporting Vishnu], of all aquatics I am [the demigod] Varuna, of the ancestors I am Aryamâ [an Âditya] and of all the regulators I am also Yama, the controller of death. (30) Of the Daityas [non-theist sons of Diti who churned the ocean] I am Prahlâda, of what rules I am the Time, of the animals the lion and of the birds I am Garuda [Vainateya]. (31) Of all that purifies I am the wind, I am Râma [a Vishnu avatâr] of the armed ones, of all fish I am the shark, and also I am of the flowing rivers the Ganges ['the daughter of Jahnu'].

(32) Of the multitude I am [as said] the beginning, the end and the middle and also I am surely, oh Arjuna, the spiritual knowledge of all education and the dialectic of all argumentation. (33) Of the letters I am the first one [the A], of the compound words I am the dual one and certainly I am the eternal of Time and the Creator facing all directions [Brahmâ]. (34) I am as well the all-devouring death and generation to that what is predestined and fame, beauty and fine speech I am of women as also memory, intelligence, firmness and patience. (35) Of the Sâma-veda-hymns I am the Brihat-sâma [the metrical], of all poetry I am the Gâyatrî [a purification mantra], of the months I am the one in Sagittarius and of all seasons I am the spring. (36) Of the fallacious I am the gambling, I am the splendor of everything splendid, I am the victory of all adventure and the strength of the strong I am. (37) Of the Vrishnis I am Vâsudeva [Krishna], of the Pândavas I am Arjuna, of the sages I am Vyâsa [the compiler of the Vedas] and of all great thinkers I am Usanâ [the teacher of the atheists]. (38) Of the means of suppression I am the clout, I am the morality of those who seek victory, the silence I am of all secrets, and of those concerned with knowing I am the knowledge.

(39) Of whatever that of all the beings may exist I am the source, oh Arjuna; nothing of the moving and unmoving exists without Me. (40) There is no limit to My divine opulences, oh conqueror of the enemies, all this I spoke of is but an example of the expanse of My wealth. (41) Whatever of power that has existence and is of beauty and glory indeed, all those you must certainly know as being born as a part of My splendor. (42) But what of your knowing the many of this, oh Arjuna, by one part I am in the position of pervading the entirety of this universe.'

 



 

 

 

Filognostic* understanding of the Bhagavad Gîtâ of Order

Text 1

The Supreme Lord said: 'Again indeed, oh mighty armed one, just hear My supreme instruction about that which to you, who are so dear to Me, I say to your benefit.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

The fortunate one said: 'Listen again, oh man of grip, to my supreme instruction imparted to your benefit, for you're very dear to me. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 2

Nor the number of theists, nor the great wise know My origin; I am certainly the source of the godly and the great sages in all respect.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

My origin is not even known to the greatest wise or gods of enlightenment; in every respect I am the source of the great sages and the God-conscious ones. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 3

He who knows Me as the Unborn One without a beginning and also knows Me as the great Lord of the world, is not deluded among mortals and is delivered from all reactions to sin.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

He who knows me as the unborn one to whom there's no beginning, and the great controller of the world, sees it as it is; such a one not deluded among the mortals is delivered from all reactions to his sin. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 4-5

Intelligence, knowledge, composure, forgiveness, truthfulness, control over the senses and the mind, happiness, sorrow, birth, death, fear and fearlessness also, nonviolence, equilibrium, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and infamy are the different aspects to the living being that are arranged by Me.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

The different aspects I arrange in the living being are intelligence, knowledge, composure, forgiveness, truthfulness, control over the senses and the mind; happiness, grief, birth, death, fear and fearlessness as well, as also nonviolence, equilibrium, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and infamy. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 6

From the mind of the seven great sages [Marîci. Atri, Angirâ, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasishthha] before and the four Manus [the progenitors Svâyambhuva, Svârocisha, Raivata and Uttama] who also stem from Me, all of the population born in this world has originated.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Every human being taking birth in the world, originated from the ancient, seven great sages and the four primal fathers who also stem from my mind.10 (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 7

Anyone who factually knows that all this opulence and unification of consciousness is also of Me, will be undivided in his engagement of devotional service, of that there is no doubt.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

They, who realize that all this opulence and unification of consciousness originated from me, will undivided be of service in their yoga, that suffers no doubt. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 8

I am the source of all, from Me everything emanates, thus knowing the intelligent ones with love in their hearts become devoted to Me.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

I am the source from which all in existence generated, from me everything emanated and therefore the intelligent ones who know this, connected by their love, will be devoted to me. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 9

With the full of their minds and lives set on Me, they enlighten one another talking about Me constantly and derive contentment and delight therefrom.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

With their minds set on me and their lives devoted to me, they enlighten one another, constantly talking about me, and they thus find their satisfaction and contentment. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 10

To those who are always engaged in the loving ecstasy of devotional service I give that oneness of intelligence by which they come to Me.'

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Those who are constantly connected in the joy so fundamental to devotional service, I grant the intelligence of a unified consciousness by which they come to me. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 11

For them surely, to show special mercy, I, situated in their hearts, dispel the darkness born from ignorance with the shining light of knowledge.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

With the wealth of my compassion I, situated in their hearts, with the shining light of knowledge dispel all the darkness of ignorance.' (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 12-13

Arjuna said: 'The supreme spirit, the supreme abode, the purest of the supreme You are, the original personality, the transcendental Lord, the unborn One and the greatest. Of You all the great sages among the godly like Nârada and Asita, Devala and Vyâsa are speaking and indeed You are now explaining it to me.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Arjuna said: 'This of you, that you're now discussing with me, concerns the One about whom all the great sages among the godly like Nârada, Asita, Devala and Vyâsa speak: it concerns you in the form of the supreme spirit, the supreme abode, the purity of transcendence, the original personality, the controller in the beyond, the one unborn and the greatest. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 14

All this that You have told me, oh Krishna, I accept as the truth; surely is this revelation of Your Supreme Lordship not known by the godly nor by the godless.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

All this you now confide to me I take for real, oh paragon of beauty, surely has no man of God or any ignorant soul either, knowledge of this revelation of you as the Original One of all Opulence! (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 15

Surely You know Yourself personally by Yourself, greatest One and origin of all, Lord of all beings, God of the gods and master of the Universe.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

You, personally knowing yourself as the Soul of all souls, are thus the greatest of all persons, the source of all living beings, the Lord of all creatures, the God of the gods and the master of the universe. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 16

For You are the One to tell in detail about the Divine of Your opulences by which, pervading all these worlds, You remain.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

As such it is up to you to tell in detail everything about your divine opulence, those means to all the human visions by which you stand your ground throughout all the worlds.11 (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 17

How can I know You, Yoga, always think of You and in what and what form are You to be remembered by me, Supreme Lord?

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

How can I know you man of unity; how can I keep you in mind; in what form, or being of what kind of nature, should I remember you, man of the opulence? (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 18

Oh killer of the atheists, what again is the opulence of Your Yoga as I surely cannot hear enough of the description of the nectar.'

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Oh excitement of man, again I implore you, to tell me all about your powers of unifying consciousness, for my ears never have enough of the nectar of those descriptions!' (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 19

The Supreme Personality said: 'Yes, I will surely tell you about the divine of My personal splendor the principal, about the principal, ohbest of the Kurus, as there is no limit to My extent.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

The fortunate one said: 'Okay, I'll discuss with you the most important of my divine, personal powers, ohbest of the Kurus, for there is really no end to my extent. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 20

I am, ohArjuna, the soul in the heart of all living beings; I am the origin also, the middle and as well indeed the end of all existing.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Oh conqueror of sleep, I as that soul situated within, am the beginning, the life in between, as also the end station of all living beings. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 21

Of the Âdityas [Diti was the daughter of Daksha and wife of Kas'yapa], I am Vishnu, of all the luminaries I am the radiant sun, Marîci [a Prajâpati, a father of mankind, and father of Kas'yapa] of the Maruts [the flashing gods] I am and of the divisions of the year [the constellations or of what is fixed] I am the Moon.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among all the sons who took birth from the sages I am Vishnu, of all the luminaries I am the radiant sun, among the brightest minds I am Marîci, and to the order of time in relation to the stars I am the moon.12 (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 22

Of the Vedas I am the Sâma-veda [the songs], of the godly I am Indra [or Vâsava], the king of heaven, of the senses I am the mind and I am also the living force of all creatures.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of the religious books I am the book of chants, the Sâmaveda; among the gods I am Indra the king of heaven13; of all the senses I am the sixth one, the mind, and of all the living beings I am the life force. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 23

Of all the Rudras [the dreadful ones] I am S'iva [or S'ankara]; also I am Vittes'a [the treasurer] of the Yakshas [attendents of Kuvera, the heavenly treasurer] and Râkshasas [the demons], of the Vasus [the deities of nature] I am fire and of all the mountains I am mount Meru [the one central to all] as well.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of the ones posing a threat I am S'iva; and among the ones possessed and wicked I am Kuvera, the treasurer; of the deities of nature I am the fire, and of all mountains I am mount Meru in the middle of the universe.14 (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 24

Know Me as the chief of all priests, Brihaspati [the priest of Indra], oh son of Prithâ, of all military commanders I am Kârtikeya [Skanda, the god of war and son of S'iva and Pârvatî] and of all bodies of water I am the ocean.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of all priests I am the priest of heaven, Brihaspati, oh son of Prithâ; of all military commanders I am Skanda the god of war, and of all reservoirs of water I am the ocean. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 25

Of the great wise I am Bhrigu [one of the ten Mahârishis to the first Manu], of the spoken I am the Pranava, of sacrifices I am japa [mantra-meditation with beads] and of the things immovable I am the Himalayas.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the wise I am Bhrigu, the counselor of the first man alive; of all words spoken I am the word AUM resonating with the breath, of all the sacrifices I am japa, the repeated prayer performed with prayer beads, and of all the things immovable I am the Himalayas. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 26

Of the trees I am the As'vattha [Banyan or one with no specific property], of all seers among the godly I am Nârada, of the celestial beings [Gandharvas] I am Cittaratha [the best singer] and of the perfected ones I am Kapila Muni [a Vishnu avatâr, son of Devahûti].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the trees I am the tree of life, the As'vattha; among the seers of the divine I am sage Nârada, among the heavenly creatures I am Cittaratha, the singer of the divine song, and among the ones of perfect attainment I am the analyst Kapila who distinguishes between spirit and matter. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 27

Know Me as Uccaihs'ravâ among the horses who came forth from the churning of the ocean to get the nectar and as Airâvata among the elephants; among men I am the one at the top [the king].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the horses I am Uccaihs'ravâ who carries the solar order and originated from the political fugue between the enlightened and the unenlightened, and among the elephants I am Airâvata who carries Indra. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 28

Of all weapons I am the thunderbolt, of the cows I am the Surabhi [the plentiful one] and I am Cupid, the cause of begetting children; of the serpents I am Vâsuki [with whom the ocean was churned].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of all weapons I am the thunderbolt, of the cows I am the cow of plenty, the Surabhi; of the causes of begetting children I am Cupid, the god of love, and of all the serpents I am Vâsuki, the ego which sets in motion the debate between the ones of strength and the ones of morality. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 29

Of the Nâgas [the snakelike] I am Ananta [supporting Vishnu], of all aquatics I am [the demigod] Varuna, of the ancestors I am Aryamâ [an Âditya] and of all the regulators I am also Yama, the controller of death.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the self-satisfied I am Ananta upon whom Vishnu rests, among all the water entities of the unconscious I am Varuna, the one of insight who defeats the transgression; among all the ancestors I am Aryâma, the one in the beyond remembered for his civility; and of all that controls I am Yama, the lord of death. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 30

Of the Daityas [non-theist sons of Diti who churned the ocean] I am Prahlâda, of what rules I am the Time, of the animals the lion and of the birds I am Garuda [Vainateya].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the atheists I am Prahlâda, the one who found the grace; among all the subduers I am the time; of all animals I am the lion and of everything winged I am Garuda, the integrity of the mantras. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 31

Of all that purifies I am the wind, I am Râma [a Vishnu avatâr] of the armed ones, of all fish I am the shark, and also I am of the flowing rivers the Ganges ['the daughter of Jahnu'].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of everything that purifies I am the wind; of all who carry a weapon I am Lord Râma, the one self-satisfied; of all creatures of the sea I am the shark and of all the streams flowing on earth I am the Ganges flowing from the highest peak. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 32

Of the multitude I am [as said] the beginning, the end and the middle and also I am surely, oh Arjuna, the spiritual knowledge of all education and the dialectic of all argumentation.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of all the created I am, as said, the beginning, the life in between and the end; I am, oh Arjuna, of all education the education concerning the âtmatattva, and of all argumentation I am the dialogue. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 33

Of the letters I am the first one [the A], of the compound words I am the dual one and certainly I am the eternal of Time and the Creator facing all directions [Brahmâ].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of the letters of the alphabet I am the A, of the compound words I am the dual one, of what is eternal I am the time15, and of those who are creative I am Lord Brahmâ, the godhead looking in all directions. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 34

I am as well the all-devouring death and generation to that what is predestined and fame, beauty and fine speech I am of women as also memory, intelligence, firmness and patience.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of one's fate and future I am the end of life as also the beginning of life, and among women I am the fame, the beauty, the intelligence, the speech, the memory, the steadfastness and the patience. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 35

Of the Sâma-veda-hymns I am the Brihat-sâma [the metrical], of all poetry I am the Gâyatrî [a purification mantra], of the months I am the one in Sagittarius and of all seasons I am the spring.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of the Sâmaveda hymns I am the metrical Brihat-sâma, of all verses I am the three-footed Gâyatri, of the months I am the one in the astronomical sign of Sagittarius, and of the seasons I am the spring season. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 36

Of the fallacious I am the gambling, I am the splendor of everything splendid, I am the victory of all adventure and the strength of the strong I am.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of all trickery I am the game, of everything splendid I am the splendor, of all victory I am the enterprise and of the strong I am the strength. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 37

Of the Vrishnis I am Vâsudeva [Krishna], of the Pândavas I am Arjuna, of the sages I am Vyâsa [the compiler of the Vedas] and of all great thinkers I am Usanâ [the teacher of the atheists].

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Among the Yadus I am Krishna, among the Pândavas I am Arjuna; among the sages I am Vyâsadeva16 and among the thinkers I am Us'anâ, the teacher of the atheists. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 38

Of the means of suppression I am the clout, I am the morality of those who seek victory, the silence I am of all secrets, and of the wise I am the knowledge.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Of the means of suppression I am the clout of the legal rule17, of those who seek the victory I am the morality, of all secrets I am the silence. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 39

Of whatever that of all the beings may exist I am the source, oh Arjuna; nothing of the moving and unmoving exists without Me.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

I am the source of whatever living being you can think of Arjuna; there is no creature alive, moving or non-moving, which exists outside of me. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 40

There is no limit to My divine opulences, oh conqueror of the enemies, all this I spoke of is but an example of the expanse of My wealth.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

There is no limit to my divine opulence, oh winner of the battle, and all this I told you is but an example of the expanse of my grandeur. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 41

Whatever of power that has existence and is of beauty and glory indeed, all those you must certainly know as being born as a part of My splendor.

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

Oh conqueror of your opponents, whatever of power that may exist endowed with glory and beauty, found its existence as a part of my splendor. (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

Text 42

But what of your knowing the many of this, oh Arjuna, by one part I am in the position of pervading the entirety of this universe.'

FILOGNOSTIC TRANSLATION

You may also wonder of what use it would be for you to know of all this diversity Arjuna, when I, with a single part of myself, permeate the entirety of the living being that is the universe.' (Sanskrit & tradition)

 

 

 

 

Versions consulted:

- A Song of Fortune One - A modern Gîtâ - the modern version of filognosy (also in mp3-audio).

- A Song of Fortune - A Classical Gîtâ - the classical version of filognosy.

- The Bhagavad Gîta-as-it-is by Swami Bhaktivedânta Prabhupâda (PDF-download).

- The Bhagavad Gîtâ-as-it-is: online (version 1.0).

- The Bhagavad Gita As It Is By His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (pdf-download).

- The Bhagavad Gita by the Bhagavad Gita Trust.

- Bhagavad Gita by Sanderson Beck.

- Bhagavad Gita by Ramanad Prasad (American Gita society).

- Srimad Bhagavad-gita - The Hidden Treasure of the Sweet Absolute (from the Vaishnav' S'rî Caitanya Saraswath math).

Sanskrit dictionary: (Monier-Williams' 'Sanskrit-English Dictionary').

 

 

 

Production and copyright of this translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu                   
The filognostic translations are of the same author.                   
2007©Bhagavata.org                  
  

 
 

 

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